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Langue de barbarie national park

General characteristics
Created in 1976 over 2,000 ha and located at about 20 km south of the city of Saint Louis, the Langue de Barbarie National Park (PNLB) is composed of a sandy pit and a maritime area. Lying between the Senegal River and the sea, the PNLB Park presents sand dunes stablised by beefwood alingisde the sea, with the beach representing an egg-laying area for sea turtles and a bird islet with a diameter varying between 100 and 200 metres. The Park is also one of the core component of the Cross border Biosphere Reserve of the lower delta of the Senegal River between Mauritania and Senegal.

Objectives of the Park’s creation
Conservation of the biodiversity in the lower delta of the Senegal River; protection of the egg-laying area for sea turtles; and promotion of scientific research and tourism.

Representative habitats and ecosystems
Owing to its location between the river and the Ocean, the PNLB Park is composed of a marine and lagoon environment combined with dunes and sand beaches.

Main species
The Park provides home for bird nesting populations and wintering species. Some sea turtles come ashore to lay their eggs on the beach alongside the sea.

Cultural values and exonomic activities
The Park hosts a number of historic sites, notably the lighthouse, the Balacos district and the colonial surveillance canon at the sea mouth. In addition to tourism, the populations living in the ten villages surrounding the protected area are active in livestock farming, salt extraction, fishing and market gardening.

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