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General characteristics
The Niumi National Park (NNP) in the Gambia was created in 1986. Located on the northern bank of the Gambia River, the park adjoins the National Park of the Saolum Delta in Senegal with which it forms the same ecological entity. Stretching over an area of 4,940 ha including 2,740 ha in the maritime zone, the NNP Park is a site of major importance not only for the reproduction of many bird species, especially water birds, but also for other species such as manatees (Senegalese trichechus) and dolphins.

Objective of the park creation
Maintaining and enhancing the flora and wildlife value of the NNP Park; improving the conservation status of the forests and savannas representing wildlife habitats; maximizing agricultural production in the tributary basins while minimizing the effects of farming practices on the ecosystems; promoting the local populations’ understanding and awareness of the environmental problems; fostering sustainable exploitation of natural ressources and promoting the socioeconomic development of the area.

Representative habitats and ecosystems
NNP is characterised by a diversity of forest, savanna, island, estuary and water ecosystems. Crossed by bolongs, the Park presents temporarily flooded lagoons, marshes and mudflats.

Main species
In addittion to the water birds, the Park hosts some emblematic and rare species such as manatees (Senegalese trichechus), humpback dolphins (Souza teuzsil), sea turtles, Nile crocodiles (crocodylus niloticus) and clawless otters (Aonyx capensis), and the Sitatunga (Tragelaphus spekii). Rare species of marsh antelope also converge to the marshy areas of the Park. The area also host many species of terrestrial mammals such as the leopard Panthera pardus, the spotted hyena (Crocuta Crocuta), the Buffon Kobus Kob, the Ourebia and many other antelope species.

Cultural values and economic activities 

The bulk of the populations living within and on the outskirts of the Niumi Park are farmers, with other economic activities including traditional fishing, oyster collection, horticulture and ecotourism.

Document title Type Version Status
Vignette Management Plan Rapport anglais Télécharger
Vignette Rapport de mission R3 Surmer Rapport anglais Télécharger

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