Official name: Republic of the Gambia
Regime: Republic

Geographical data
Surface area: 11,295 square km
Capital city: Banjul
Main cities: Birkama, Bakau, Farafeni, Serrekunda
Official langage (s): English
Current language (s): Wolof, Mandingo, Fula, Jola, Sereer
Currency: Dalasi (€1 = 34.75 Dalasis in 2013 according to EIU)
Independence Day: 18 February (independence proclaimed in 1965)

Démographic data
Population: 1.9 million inhabitants in 2014 (CIA Factbook)
Population growth: 2.3 % in 2014 (CIA Factbook) 

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Located beteen 130° and 140° Norh latitude, the Gambia is one of the smallestet countries of the West African region and stretches over a track of land varying between 25 and 40 km. The country is bordered in the North and in the Sotuh and East by Senegal and in the West by the Atalntinc Ocean.

The Gambian territorial waters stretch over 12 miles, with an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of 200 nautical miles. The country’s continental plateau represents about 4,000 square km and an EEZ of about 10,500 square km. The estuary areas host a very dense mangrove forest of 67,000 square km, stretching over 200 km inland, from the mouth of the Gambia River. They host areas that are conducive for the reproduction and growth of noble fish species, shrimps and other valuable fishery resources.

In a few areas, the plain is disruptred by small flat top hills, and the river and its tributairies. The region stretching from the MacCarthy Island (Georgetown site) to the eastern tip of the country, is surrounded by little high rocky hills. The coast and the river banks are mainly bordered by mangroves, while downstream, the banks are bordered by precipitous red calcareous rocks covered by tropical forests and bamboos.

Away from the river, the landscape is characterized by a savanna woodland hosting many tree varieties including mahoganies, dolfwood, palm trees and rubber plants. On the coast, where the river flows into the Atlantic Ocean, you will discover some overwhelming sand cliffs and 50 km of huge virgin beaches bordered by palm trees and covered with shells.

THE MPA (Marine Protected Areas)

MPA Documentation

Name Version Action
Loi n°1-1991 aménagement du territoire et développement controlé
Loi n°1-1977 conservation de faune et de la flore
Loi forestière 1998
Decret n11 de 1995 relatif a l utilisation des terres
Décret n 34 de 977 application pour ce qui concerne les ventes
Decret n 13 de 1995 relatif au domaine public domanial
Decret du 14 02 1977 especes et saisons pour la chasse
Décret n°36 de 1978 application de la NL relative à la conservation de la faune et de la flore
Décret n°32 de 1996 amendant le décret n°36 de 1978

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