Accueil Area of the kawawana community heritage
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Area of the kawawana community heritage

General characteristics
Officially created on 1st June 2010 by an order of the Rural Council of Mangagoulack, The Area of the Kawawana Community Heritage (APAC) stretches over 9,665 ha. Kawawana meaning in Diola “preserving our ancestral heritage,” is a space of protection of fishery resources by the populations of the 8 villages composing the community. In a participatory manner, these populations undertook in March 2008 to set up the APAC area to protect their natural resources.

Objectives of the area creation
Maintaining the integrity and productivity of the APAC area; protecting and conserving the marine and coastal ecosystems; preserving the endangered species including the migratory species; and contributing to a change of the riparian populations’ way of life.

Representative habitats and ecosystems
Kawawana hosts various habitats of paramount importance renowned for their ecological and biological importance, with estuaries, mangrove forests and mudflats.

Main species
In the Kawawana area we can find several fish species including the barracuda (between 1.10 and 1.15 m), the Arius gambensis, the jack mackerel, the black seabream, the drepane, the while grouper, the giant African threadfin (between 90 cm and 1.05 m), the thick otolith (between 80 cm and 1 m), and the dwarf otolith (between 70 cm and 1.03 m). This place of reproduction and growth for many fish species is also home for other emblematic, endemic or endangered species such as manatees, dolphins, and clawless otters.

Cultural values and economic activities
People of the Diola community keeps a strong relation, both economic and social, with their families of origin – a relation that they transmit to their offspring. There are some important links between the cultural practices and the environment that translate into modes of management and rites, and contribute to the conservation of natural resources, as illustrated in the daily life of Kawawana communities. Traditional fishing onbord paddle pirogues, oyster collection and shell picking are essentially the economic activities of the populations of rural community of Mangagoulack.

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