Accueil Community marine protected area of urok
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Community marine protected area of urok

General characteristics
Officially founded in 2005, the Marine Protected Area of Urok (AMPU) is located in the northern part of the Bijagos archipelago in Guinea Bissau, over 54,500 ha, with a maritime zone stretching over 39,800 ha. It is marked by the presence of big chains of mangroves and wide expanses of mudflats. The importance and level of conservation of the natural spaces have culminated in the classification of a major part of this territory as a central space in the zoning of the Biosphere Reserve of the Bolama-Bijagos Archipelago.

Objective of the MPA creation
Ensuring the sustainability of the natural and cultural heritage of the Urok Islands, with the view to guaranteeing the sustainable development of local populations and the country, through the strengthening of capacities of riparian communities and their full participation in its conservation, to the benefit of the current and future generations.

Representative habitats and ecosystems
With its three islets, the MPA is composed of mangrove chains that form one of the biggest compact settings of this vegetal cover, mudflats rish in shellfish and annelids, salt marshes and sand banks that serve as resting place for migratory water birds.

Main species
The conservation status and richness of the natural areas are reflected in the high number of species present in the MPA, notably the manatee (Trichechus senegalensis), the humpback dolphin (Sousa teuszii) and the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncates), not to mention the green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) and the Hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricate), the clawless otter (Aonyx capensis), the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) and the dwarf crocodile, and several species of rays and sharks, and about 56 species of water birds.

Cultural values and economic activities
Crossed by permanent channels separating the three islets, the Urok MPA also encompasses a number of islets, many of which have a sacred character. Some close links exist between the culture of the Bijagos (local ethnic group) and the environment, which materializes in rites and dance ceremonies related to some resources including the oysters (Garandesa ceremony), the rays and sharks (the Sawfish and hammerhead shark dance ceremony) and also by some strict rules for the access to, and use of natural resources, including the sacralisation (Mandjuduras) of some sites that are of major importance for biodiversity (islets, capes, beaches, forests).

Document title Type Version Status
Vignette Cohérence des politiques de conservation et de développement des aires protégées marines et côtières en Afrique de l’Ouest Rapport Por/Fr/Gb Download
Vignette Decret UROK Decret Portugais Download
Vignette Plan de gestion UROK Rapport Portugais Download
Vignette 2° Plan de Gestion de l’Aire Marine Protégée Rapport Portugais Download
Vignette Plan de gestion UROK Rapport French Download
Vignette Questionnaire RAMPAO Urok Rapport Fr/Port/Gb Download

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